Kyrgyzstan, situated in Central Asia, is a landlocked and mountainous country. Read on to explore some more fun and interesting facts about Kyrgyzstan.

Facts About Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyzstan (formerly Kirghizia) is a rugged country situated in Central Asia. Tien Shan mountain range, which the country shares with China, covers approximately 75 percent of the whole territory. Landlocked and mountainous, it stands bordered by Kazakhstan in the north, Uzbekistan in the west, Tajikistan in the southwest and China in the east. Kyrgyzstan is spread over an area of approximately 199,900 square kilometers and has a population of approximately 5,172,000. Raising livestock was, and still remains, the main agricultural activity in the country. The country has a total population of 5,482,200 and spreads across an area of 77, 181 square miles. Most part of the country is bordered by mountainous and Kyrgyzstan was named ‘Switzerland of Central Asia’. One of the largest mountain lakes of the world known by the name ‘Issyk-Kul’ is located in Kyrgyzstan which draws tourists from all over the world as well. In case you want to gather more information about Kyrgyzstan, make use of the fun and interesting facts that follow.
Image: Thomas Depenbusch@flickr
Fast Facts
Capital: Bishkek
Population: 5,550,239 (2010)
Area: 199,900 km2
Currency: Kyrgyzstani som
Official Language: Russian, Kyrgyz
Calling Code: +996
Government: Presidential system, Republic, Parliamentary republic
Interesting and Fun Facts about Kyrgyzstan
  • Kyrgyzstan is officially known as ' Kyrgyz Republic'.
  • The capital of Kyrgyzstan is Bishkek, which also forms the country's largest city.
  • The official languages of Kyrgyzstan are Kyrgyz and Russian.
  • Kyrgyzstan became an independent republic in end 1991, when USSR was dissolved.
  • Kyrgyz, Uzbek, Russian, Dungan, Ukrainian and Uygur make up the mian ethnic groups in Kyrgyzstan.
  • The ethnic group of Kyrgyz comprises of traditionally nomadic people, believed to have originally lived in southern Siberia.
  • Majority of the people in Kyrgyzstan are Muslims, followed by Russian Orthodox and others.
  • The currency of Kyrgyzstan is Som (KGS).
  • Kyrgyzstan follows the system of a 'Republic'.
  • Kyrgyzstan stands dominated by Pamir-Alai and Tien Shan (meaning Heavenly Mountains) mountain ranges.
  • The highest point in Kyrgyzstan is formed by Peak Pobedy (7,439 m).
  • Kyrgyzstan is home to Inylchek Glacier, one of the largest glaciers in the world.
  • Issyk Kul Lake in Kyrgyzstan, also known as ' Pearl of Tien Shan', is one of the largest mountain lakes in the world.
  • An interesting fact about Lake Issyk Kul, meaning "warm sea", is that it never ever freezes, in spite of being sited in the mountains.
  • Kyrgyzstan shares the Fergana Valley with Uzbekistan and Tajikistan.
  • The walnut-fruit forests of Kyrgyzstan are amongst the largest natural walnut forests in the world.
  • Manas - one of the longest epics in the world, tells the story of the migration of the Kyrgyz people under the leadership of Manas.
  • Osh city of Kyrgyzstan, sited in the Fergana Valley, is said to be three thousand years old.
  • Osh city served as an important commercial centre on the Silk Road, the trade route between Europe and China.
  • Fergana Valley has been known for its legendary horses, since the ancient times.
  • Fergana Valley was the birthplace of Akhmed Al Fergani, the famous astronomer from medieval times.
  • The main industries of Kyrgyzstan include small machinery, textiles, food processing, cement, shoes and sawn logs.
  • The people are Kyrgyzstan are very fond of tea that they cannot miss out tea after each and every meal. It is considered as a replacement for water and is frequently consumed by all.
  • Major sections of the people of Kyrgyzstan belong to Sunni Muslims. But when you walk across the streets of Bishkek, there won’t be any visible signs of Islam. This is because Kyrgyzstan is a Soviet nation.
  • Despite the fact that there aren’t many street lights in the cities of Kyrgyzstan, the country is a safe place to live.
  • Kyrgyzstanis the only country in the whole of Central Asia to have Russian as one of its official languages. 

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