Did you know that the Czech Republic, locally known as Ceska Republika, is home to the Dacice town that is considered to be the inventor of the sugar cube? Surrounded by Poland in the northeast, Germany in the west and northwest, Austria in the south, and Slovakia in the east, the Czech Republic is one of the newly formed independent countries in the European continent. Formed in 1918 as the Independent Republic of Czechoslovakia, this formerly Bohemian state split into a separate country named Czech Republic, in 1993. The other part of the erstwhile Czechoslovakia emerged as Slovakia, another independent country. Interestingly, the Czech Republic has one of the highest density of castles in the world, with the Prague Castle being the largest castle area in the world, spreading to over 7 hectares (18 acres). Find out more interesting and fun facts about Czech Republic by glancing through the lines below.
Area: 78,866 km2
Population: 10,436,560 (2011)
Official Language: Czech
Currency: Czech Koruna
Type of Government: Parliamentary Republic
Interesting And Fun Facts About Czech Republic
- Archaeological evidences suggest that there were prehistoric human settlements in the area, belonging to the Neolithic era. From the 3rd century BC onwards Celtic, the Boii people migrated to the region and in the 1st century, Germanic tribes of Marcomanni and Quadi came here.
- The capital and the largest city of the Czech Republic is Prague.
- The official language of Czech Republic is Czech.
- The currency used in the country is Koruna.
- Czech Republic constitutes of three historical lands, namely, Bohemia in the west, Moravia in the southeast, and Czech Silesia in the northeast.
- The major rivers of the country are Vltava and Elbe.
- Over 92% of the country’s total population comprises of Czech, while the remaining population is divided amongst Slovaks, Germans, Poles, Ukrainians, Vietnamese, Hungarians, Russians, Romani, Bulgarians, and Greeks.
- Czech Republic became a member of NATO in 1999 and of the European Union in 2004.
- Snìžka, at 1,602 m (5,256 ft), is the highest point in the country.
- The Czech Republic, along with Estonia, the Nordic countries, France, and The Netherlands, is one of the least religious countries in the world. As per 2005 Eurobarometer Poll, only 19% indicated that they believe in God.
- About 59% of the population is agnostic, atheist, or non-believer. About 26.8% is Roman Catholic while 2.5% is Protestant.
- Czech people are the world's heaviest consumers of beer.
- The country has four national parks, the oldest being Krkonoše National Park (Biosphere Reserve). The other three are Šumava National Park (Biosphere Reserve), National Park Podyjí, and Èeské Švýcarsko National Park.
- Czech Republic is world renowned for its spa cities, especially those along the border with Saxony in Germany. The most famous amongst them include Karlovy Vary (Karlsbad), Františkovy Láznì (Franzensbad), and Teplice (Teplitz).
- Škoda Auto, one of the largest car manufacturers in Central Europe, is based in the Czech Republic.
- Czech Republic is the second richest country in the Eastern Europe, after the minuscule Slovenia.
- The country has a total of 46 airports with paved runways with 6 of them providing international air services. The main international airport of Czech Republic is Ruzynì International Airport.
- The former tennis champion Martina Navratilova, statistically the second best female player of the 20th century behind Steffi Graf, is a Czech.
- Jaroslav Heyrovský became the first Czech to win a Nobel Prize, in 1959 for his research in polarography and electro-analytical chemistry.
- More than a million Czech soldiers participated in the in World War I, out of which approximately 150,000 died.
- The Czech Republic has a pluralist multi-party parliamentary democracy, and the Prime Minister is the head of the government.
- Czech Republic is one of the top 10 countries worldwide in terms of the fastest average internet speed.
- The Czech Republic is castle capital of the world. The country has more than 2000 castles. Prague castle is also the largest castle in the world by area at over 7 hectares (18 acres).
- The Czech Republic has the most hospital beds per inhabitant in the EU.
- Czech people have the second highest death rate for cancer in the EU (after Hungary).