Urinary tract infection, also known as UTI, is a problem that is mainly noticed in case of people who are sexually active. It has been found that women are more prone to UTI as compared to men. UTI is basically a bacterial infection and, as the name suggests, can affect any part of the urinary tract. The urine that we pass comprises of variety of fluids, salts, and waste products. However, in normal cases, it is devoid of any kinds of bacteria. It is when bacteria enter the bladder or kidney and manifest themselves in the urine that the problem of urinary tract infection is noticed.
There are basically two types of urinary tract infections - one of them affects the bladder, while the other has an effect on the kidney. The former is known by the name of cystitis, while the latter is called pyelonephritis. Amongst the two conditions, the second one is much more serious and can cause major harm to the body. A person affected by urinary tract infection has to face a lot of discomfort. However, the comforting part is that the problem can be treated quickly as well as easily, if you see a doctor at the right time.
Symptoms of Urinary Tract Infection
- Frequent urination
- The feeling of having to urinate, even though the amount of urine to be passed is very low
- Getting up frequently at night to urinate
- Discomfort or pain at the urethral meatus
- Burning sensation in urethra, while passing urine
- Pain in the midline suprapubic region
- Pus or blood in the urine
- Discharge from the urethra
- Mild fever
- Hazy and stinking urine
- Increased confusion and associated falls
- Protein in urine
In case of kidney infection, apart from the above-mentioned symptoms, the following ones are also experienced.
- Back, side (flank) or groin pain
- Abdominal pain or pressure
- Shivering chills
- High spiking fever
- Sweating at night
- Excessive fatigue