St. Kitts and Nevis is located in the Caribbean Sea, about one-third of the way from Puerto Rico to Trinidad and Tobago. St Kitts is larger than Nevis and is roughly oval shaped except for a narrow, long peninsula to the southeast. Nevis is surrounded by coral reefs and is almost a single mountain with a height of 3,232 feet. Center of both the islands is dominated by a volcanic mountain chain. The official language spoken here is English. The main religions followed are Anglican and Protestant. These two islands are the Caribbean’s oldest colonized territories. Carib people were inhabitants of the islands when Christopher Columbus explored it in 1493. In 1623, the British settled on St. Kitts and Nevis in 1628. In 1672, the French settled on St. Kitts. The Anglo-French rivalry lasted for more than 100 years. In 1782, the islands came under permanent British control after a crucial British victory over the French at Brimstone Hill. Mostly descendants of African slaves inhabit the islands today. It got its independence from Britain in 1983. Basseterre is the capital of this country. The population of these two islands is 48,000. The main industry of St. Kitts And Nevis consists of tourism, sugar processing, salt and cotton and people here mostly cultivate rice, sugarcane, yams, vegetables and fish. The main exports of the country include machinery, electronics, food, tobacco and beverages.
Image: Carolyn Sugg@flickr
Interesting And Fun Facts About St. Kitts & Nevis
- The currency of St. Kitts and Nevis is the East Caribbean dollar.
- 1 East Caribbean dollar is equal to 100 cents.
- It covers an area of 269 square kilometers (104 square miles).
- It was once known as the Gibraltar of the West Indies.
- The full name of St Kitts and Nevis is Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis
- The average life expectancy of its population is 68 years for men and 71 years for women.
- 97 percent of its people are literate.
- Caribbean Sea at 0 meters is the lowest point in the region.
- Mount Liamuiga, at 1,156 meters, is the highest point in the region.
- Both the islands are volcanic with a warm, wet climate and sandy beaches.
- The Narrows is about 3 kilometers, a wide channel that separates both the islands.
- People on St Kitts are called Kittitians and on Nevis they are called Nevisians.
- The country has a Parliamentary Democracy, and belongs to the Commonwealth.
- The legal system is based on English common law; St Kitts and Nevis has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction.
- St. Kitts And Nevis has only 2 airports.
- Charlestown is the largest town in Nevis.
- Basseterre is the only port and terminal in the country.
- Various international financial agencies had blacklisted the country for improprieties in its off-shore financial-services industry, but it had been removed from all such lists by 2002.
- The nation’s economy was devastated through the mid-1980’s because of a drop in world sugar prices.
- In 1958 St. Kitts and Nevis joined the West Indies Federation and remained in that association until its dissolution in 1962.
- GNI per capita is US $10,960 (World Bank, 2007).
- When Christopher Columbus discovered the island, he named it after his patron saint, St. Christopher. Later it was shortened to St. Kitts, his nickname. It was considered the mother colony of the West Indies.
- The country’s average annual rainfall is 45.8 inches.
- The country’s dialing code is +869.