Breed Type: Guard dog breed
Weight: Male - 110 to 130 pounds (50 to 59 kg); Female - 100 to 120 pounds (45 to 55 kg)
Height: Male - 25 to 27 inches (64 to 69 cm); Female - 24 to 26 inches (61 to 66 cm)
Coat Type: Short hair and slightly rough coat
Bullmastiff is a powerful, loving and active dog breed that is known as for its protective nature. It is a fearless dog that would not mind even risking its own life to protect its family. Bullmastiff was originally bred in England to find and immobilize poachers, but today it makes a great family pet. There is no chance that the owner will have any dull moments with a bullmastiff, as it will always shows its playful and cheerful nature towards the master. If you are looking for a friend in your dog, bring the Bullmastiff home. In this article, we bring you details on the history, appearance, grooming, personality and genetic diseases of Bullmastiff dogs.
Bullmastiff was bred in 1800s by gamekeepers, to assist English wardens or gamekeepers in guarding estates in England. The dog was developed by breeding English Mastiff and the Old English Bulldog, for its size, devotion and power. The English Kennel Club recognized the dog as a pure breed in 1924 and in 1933; it gained recognition from the American Kennel Club as well. Today, the dog is just bred for companionship and guarding purposes.
Bullmastiff is a medium-sized, powerful dog that is known to possess lots of energy. The dog has a very expressive face that would reveal its intelligence and caring nature. It has a large, broad and wrinkled muzzle, which is deep and dark in color. Bullmastiff has a black nose, with large nostrils and expressive, medium-sized eyes that are also dark colored. The neck of the dog is thick, while a short yet straight tail and a short back give it a well-balanced look. The coat comes in three colors, namely fawn (light brown to reddish brown), red (light red-fawn to dark rich red), and brindle (stripped overlay of red or fawn). The overall appearance of the dog is characterized by strength and endurance.
Since Bullmastiff was bred as a guard dog, it will guard and follow its master wherever he goes. The dog is always ready to surprise with its intelligence. It treats the guest as per the expressions of its master. If the master is happy to receive a guest, the latter will be welcomed by the dog; else, it will make sure that the person does not enter the home. A Bullmastiff is very cheerful and will leave no stone unturned to make the family happy. It develops a strong bond and attachment with the owner’s family and makes good friend with the children. The male dog, however, might have problems in getting along with other male dogs, due to its dominant nature. Bullmastiff is independent and courageous in nature and will take its own decision, if under a passive owner. Hence, obedience training is important, so that it takes the permission of the owner before acting on its instincts.
Bullmastiff has an average lifespan of 8 to 11 years; however, it can suffer from certain hereditary diseases, like hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, entropion, hypothyroidism, lymphoma cancer, progressive retinal atrophy, arthritis and bloating. The dog needs daily exercise, but not too much, otherwise it can cause damage to its legs.
Though a Bullmastiff possesses short hair, it sheds a lot during the breeding season. The coat needs to be brushed with a firm bristle brush, to remove loose hair from the body. Bathe the dog only when necessary and take special care during the shedding season. The dog should be given meals in batches, instead of one big meal, as it tends to gain weight easily. Check the feet regularly to prevent the cracking of pads.