Psychological disorders are conditions of abnormality that affect the well being and development of an individual’s physical and emotional state. Psychological disorders encompass a broad array of mental disorders that can be from the simple phobias and stress to the complex schizophrenia. Earlier mental disorders were considered a social stigma and even now, they are looked down upon. Psychological disorders can be controlled, if proper diagnosis and therapy is taken. Over the years, it has been found that misdiagnosis is more prevalent in psychological disorders. It is not a disease, so counseling and therapy is the most accepted form of treatment. The increase in stress and emotional problems has contributed towards the rise in psychological disorders in recent times. Due to the stigma attached to them, people are not ready to acknowledge their mental health problems and discriminate against those with mental disorders. Read the article below to know more on the symptoms of psychological disorder symptoms.
Psychological Disorder Signs & Symptoms
Psychological disorders can be broadly classified into the following types:
Anxiety disorders cover a number of related disorders, which is characterized by an irrational fear or anxiety. Different phobias, acute stress, panic and obsessive-compulsive disorder comes under this category.
Symptoms Of Anxiety Disorders
The first visible symptoms of anxiety disorder are frequent panic attacks. Intense fear and terror, pounding heartbeat, dizziness, nausea and feeling of unreality are the symptoms that best describe anxiety disorders. Panic attacks can also manifest itself in extreme anxiety and adjustment disorder. The social problems that characterize anxiety disorders are social withdrawal and difficulty in interaction with others. Because of isolation, a person with anxiety disorder is more prone to substance abuse. The mental effects of anxiety disorder can be seen as difficulty in thinking and concentration, and increasing bouts of depression. Extreme depression can lead to suicidal tendencies. Difficulty in thinking and concentration overshadows the capability of rational thinking. Irrational fear of objects or fear to be in society also manifests in this disorder.
Depressive disorders affect the mood and thoughts. It affects the way a person conducts himself or herself in day-to-day activities. If untreated depressive disorders can last for years.
Symptoms Of Depressive Disorders
The symptoms of depressive disorders depend on the severity of the problem. However, the main characteristics are intense and persistent bouts of sadness and a feeling of worthlessness. Despair and hopelessness are also the symptoms of depressive disorders. Another form of depressive disorder is bipolar disorder or manic-depressive disorder. It is characterized by extreme mood swings and mania.
Personality disorders are characterized by behaviors, which do not conform to the established norms of society.
Symptoms Of Personality Disorders
Abnormal experiences and a gradual decrease in the interaction in personal, social, and working life are the symptoms of personality disorders. Other symptoms that points towards personality disorders are defensiveness, eccentricity, aggressiveness, and irritability. Personality disorders can cause stress and heightened anxiety.
Behavioral disorders affect the well-being of the behavior and emotion.
Symptoms Behavioral Disorder
Behavioral disorder symptoms can manifest itself in drug and alcohol abuse. Uncontrolled cravings lead to addictions, which become very difficult to shake off.
Eating disorders are caused by emotional issues. Eating disorders result in the impairment of eating and appetite.
Symptoms Of Eating Disorders
The symptoms of eating disorders are weight gain or weight loss, obesity, obsession with food, menstrual abnormalities, and anorexia.
The detachment of the mind from reality is characteristic of psychotic disorders. People suffering from psychotic disorders appear ‘odd’ to others.
Symptoms Of Psychotic Disorders
The main symptoms of psychotic disorders are paranoia and delusion. Persons suffering from paranoia suffer from the irrational fear of being harmed by someone. Schizophrenia, another type of psychotic disorder, develops symptoms of delusions and hallucinations. In psychotic disorders, the person is unable to connect to reality, and he or she is oblivious to the surroundings.