You must have felt or seen it in someone else, the irrational fear that grips when one is faced with certain situations. Even simple activities like riding a bicycle or giving a speech can send them reeling with tension and worry. As long as the nervousness does not hamper the ability of the person to go on with the task, it should not be of any concern. However, when that anxiety becomes so strong that the person looks for an escape route every time the mere thought of facing that situation arises, then it can be considered as a disorder. The fact is that anxiety is a part of life. It helps one to go through situations making one take note of the dangers, and problems involved. Almost everyone face some or the other sort of anxiety and the degree of effectiveness depends, in most cases, on the situations involved. Going through any important and new situations makes one anxious. You must perhaps have felt a sense of fear, and uneasiness when you are about to sit for an exam or an interview. Or you are passing through a tough situation or trying to struggle with your responsibilities. This is only but natural as the anxiousness sharpens your resolve making you do the task with more determination. Though everyone suffers from anxiety, not everyone suffers from the same type of anxiety. Although various types of anxiety disorders are minutely differentiated, it facilitates proper diagnosis and treatment. Read the article below to know the different types of anxiety disorders.
Different Types Of Anxiety Disorders
There are five types of anxiety disorders:
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
- Constant worry, tension, and chronic anxiety characterize generalized anxiety disorder.
- The anxiety is caused because of no apparent reason at all even if they are well on with their life.
- The most common symptoms of generalized anxiety disorders are – sweating, pain in the muscles, headaches, fatigue without any significant exertion, muscle tension, and irritability.
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
- In this a certain fear or thought occurs again and again. The person is faced with a constant worry of whether the task has been done or not, even when it has been done. So, the person will repeatedly go and check to see if it has been done.
- These repeated behaviors are called obsessive compulsion, and this behavior is mostly to reduce obsessive thoughts.
- People with obsessive-compulsive behavior often form a daily ritual, and if the ritual is not met they find it hard to relax and get panicky.
- Panic disorder is characterized with intense fear and this fear does not have any basis or source.
- The fear also comes without any warning.
- People with panic disorder experience dizziness and an increased heart rate. These are also coupled with nausea and chest pain. They also experience difficulty in breathing.
- When panic attacks, people generally feel that there is something bad that is about to happen though there is no basis to such feeling.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
- This disorder generally grips people after witnessing or experiencing any traumatic event.
- So, people with this disorder grow emotionally detached and tend to brood over the traumatic event over and over.
- They also become insomniacs and are prone to get startled very easily.
Social Anxiety Disorder
- People in this disorder, when faced with normal social situations, get very self-conscious and overwhelmed.
- Generally, this tends to occur in certain situations like parties or public situation but in extreme cases, it may occur in everyday social situations.
- So, they withdraw from society and other people.
- The phobia arises from a fear of being watched by other people. In such situations, they start sweating, and trembling. They also find difficulty in communicating and also experience nausea.
- If they are forced to attend any social event, they are likely to spend a considerable amount of time worrying and being nervous.