Mushrooms are a culinary delight and a favorite of many. Read on to know about the different kinds of mushrooms.

Mushrooms Types

Soft, meaty and earthy - mushrooms have teased the taste buds of man since times immemorial. These edible funguses were also prized by our forefathers, with evidences of their use dating back to several hundred years BC. However, not all mushrooms are edible, with some of the varieties being very toxic. In fact, there is a legend that Julius Ceaser loved mushrooms very much and he had employed tasters to taste them beforehand, to make sure that they were safe. Mushrooms are also a great source of nutrition and have enormous medicinal properties. The mushroom flavors complement many culinary types, which has resulted in their wide spread use. The costliest mushrooms known to man, truffles, can cost upwards of Rs. 70,000 per kilogram, and those who have tasted it categorize it as nothing short of divine, with a very superior aroma. So, if you have just started cultivating a taste for mushrooms and would like to know more about them, read on. You will get to explore various types of mushrooms.

Different Kinds Of Mushrooms
Porcini (Boletus edulis)       
Size: The cap can reach 25 cm (10 in) in diameter and 1 kg (2.2 lb) in weight;
Nutrition: Vitamins, minerals and fibers; contains less fats and carbohydrates
Distribution: Europe, Asia and North America
Golden Chanterelle (Cantharellus cibarius)  
Nutrition: Vitamin C and Carotene
Distribution: Mexico, Zambia, northern Europe, North America and the Himalayas

Hen of the Woods (Grifola Frondosa)  
Nutrition: Potassium, Calcium, Magnesium, Amino Acids and Fibers
Distribution: North America and Northeastern Japan
Giant Puffball (Calvatia gigantean)        
Size: Grows upto 28 inches in diameter and can weigh upto 20 kilograms
Distribution: Found throughout the world, but is more common in Europe and North America
Gypsy mushroom (Cortinarius caperatus)
Size: Grows upto 2.6 inches in height and 0.6 inches thick
Distribution: Widely found in Scandinavia and north of North America
Thimble morels (Gyromitra esculenta)
Size: Grows upto 2.4inches in height with a brain like cap that grows to a height of 4 inches and a width of 6 inches
Distribution: Eastern Europe and North America and New Mexico
Lion's Mane Mushroom (Hericium erinaceus)
Size: Grows in a bunch with the spines in 1 centimeter length
Nutrition: Anti- oxidants and amino acids
Distribution: China, Japan and Vietnam
Wood Hedgehog (Hydnum repandum)
Size:  The cap grows to 6 inches wide and the stem is 10 centimeter long and 2 centimeter wide
Distribution: Throughout North America and Europe
Button mushroom (Agaricus bisporus)
Size: The cap is 2 to 4 inches in diameter and the stem is 2½ inches tall with a thickness of 1 to 2 centimeters
Distribution: India and North America
Matsutake (Tricholoma matsutake)
Distribution: Throughout Japan, Korea, Sweden, and Finland
Saffron Milk Cap (Lactarius deliciosus)
Size: The cap is 14 centimeters across and the stem grows to a height of 8 cm with a thickness of 2 centimeters
Distribution: Grown in North America, New Zealand, Chile and Australia
Caesar's Mushroom (Amanita caesarea)
Size: The cap is 8 inches in diameter and the stem is 6 inches tall and 1 inch wide
Distribution: India, North Africa and Southern Europe

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