Did you know that bamboo is the one of the fastest growing grasses in the world? Explore this piece to learn more about this type of grass.
Bamboos are perennially evergreen, which means that they have the ability to retain their foliage all through the year. The ‘giant bamboo’ is the largest species of the grass family from the family ‘Poaceae’ and is known to grow more than 60cm in a single day! The growth rate, however, is dependent on the environment, soil, climate and temperatures. The reason why people like to know about the types of bamboo is to see if they can grow it in their houses or offices. Another reason can be because it is economically advantageous and carries with it certain health benefits too. The reason why bamboo can survive in any area is mainly because it can adapt easily to its environment. The fact is that there are more than 1200 species of bamboo worldwide. Classifying them all here will probably put you to sleep, so let’s keep it short and sweet. The 1200 species of bamboo are divided mainly into two categories – running and clumping bamboos. Running bamboos spread fast and can cover an area quickly. Clumping bamboos on the other hand does spread fast, they, however, form clumps instead and grows bigger every year. Here are some more things you’d want to know about the different types of bamboo. Read the following sections to get to know more.
Different Kinds Of Bamboo Plants
The two major kinds of bamboo plants are:
As the name suggests, it is the type of bamboo that can spread easily into a large open space. This variety can spread to about 100km away from the parent plant, making it a fast growing invasive plant. The botanical name for this type of bamboo is ‘monopodial bamboo’ (Bambusa bambos) and is known to grow in colder climates. This kind of bamboo sends rhizomes beneath the soil, and these rhizomes sprout shoots continue growing longer and help in spreading the bamboo. Another feature of this type of bamboo is that it can be identified by its maturity period. Harvesting this kind of bamboo also can be done easily. About 33% of all the various species of bamboo can be classified under this type. Some examples of which are:
This kind of bamboo grows faster compared to running bamboo. It forms clumps and grows in large clusters. Clumping bamboo does not spread their rhizome too far. It enters and soil and stays close to the parent plant. Botanically it is also referred to as ‘sympodial’ (Bambusa vulgaris). The outer layer of the rhizome contains the younger progeny, and the inner layer consists of the mature plant. They produce higher quantities of bamboo and re-grow quickly once harvested. This type of bamboo contains the names of the remaining 67% of the bamboo species. Some examples of these names are:
Bamboo can also be classified in forms of genera such as P. aurea (yellow stems) or P. nigra (yellow stems with black dots) or P. humilis (pale gray green foliage) etc.
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