'My Stroke of Luck' is the name of the memoir written by veteran Hollywood actor 'Kirk Douglas'. 'The bad and the beautiful' star explained about the event and the therapy helped for his recovery in the book. Even though, Mr. Douglas calls it luck, it is nowhere remotely close to the word ‘luck’. Actually, the stroke is the sudden death of a portion of the brain cells due to lack of oxygen. A stroke occurs when blood flow to the brain is impaired resulting in abnormal brain function. Brain blood flow can be impaired by blockage or rupture of an artery to the brain. It’s the one of the leading killer worldwide. Strokes are caused by an artery blockage that pause blood flowing to the brain. This can leave that part of the brain to be damaged, and the affected one may lose control of a function that is controlled by that part of the brain. Although it may sound cliché but prevention is rightly the cure especially when it comes to stroke prevention. Knowing how to prevent stroke will help you understand about this condition better. Read on the following pointers to know about risk factors, symptoms, preventions, and treatment of stroke.
How To Prevent Stroke
Risk Factors For Stroke
- Diabetes mellitus
- Atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries)
- High cholesterol level
- High alcohol intake
- Previous transient ischemic attack (TIA)
- Heart diseases
- High blood pressure
- Carotid artery disease (disease of the artery that carries blood to your brain)
- Positive family history
- Arterial Hypertension
Symptoms Of Stroke
- Sudden weakness or numbness of the arm, leg, or even face on one side of the body
- Sudden loss of vision, particularly in one eye
- Sudden severe headache with no known cause
- dizziness, unstable walking, falling
- Loss of speech, problems in speech and perception
- Drooling causes by the sudden weakness of face muscles
- Severe headache with no known cause
- Sudden confusion
- Sudden decrease in the level of consciousness
- Sudden loss of balance or coordination
Tips To Avoid The Stroke Attack
- Check your blood pressure at least once a year.
- Do check up to find out if you have arterial fibrillation, which can cause the formation of blood clots that may lead a stroke.
- Quit smoking as soon as possible. Also, if you take alcohol, minimize the intake.
- Get yourself tested to know whether you have high cholesterol level.
- If you have diabetes, take measures to control it.
- Incorporate exercise in your daily routine.
- Always pay attention to have a low-salt diet.
- Ask your doctor if you have any blood circulation problems that could increase the risk of stroke.
Treatment For Stroke
If you take right treatment from the early stage, it would minimize the damage to brain tissue .Treatment depends on the nature of the stroke .Doctors prescribe different kind of treatment for ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke. The long-term goals of treatment include rehabilitation and prevention of additional strokes. Carotid endarterectomy is a surgical treatment often performed when the carotid artery is partially blocked by a fatty buildup called plaque. Accumulated plaque can be removed by this procedure. Tissue plasminogen activation is another kind of treatment. The tissue plasminigen activator is a drug, which dissolves the blood clots and restores the blood flow to the brain. This treatment has a risk of bleeding in the brain and patients with hemorrhagic stroke can't be treated with this method.