Birth control Pills are basically oral contraceptives, used by women to avoid unwanted pregnancy. These contraceptive pills mainly contain two hormones estrogen and progesterone, which are synthetic versions of the natural female hormones. They primarily function by preventing ovulation. In India, the pills are available in different estrogen-progestin combinations. Initially, the pills contained high levels of estrogen, which caused significant number of side effects in women.
Nowadays, there are pills which only contain progestin as they are deemed to have fewer side effects. However, they are considered less effective in comparison to the estrogen-progestin combination pills. There are a number of contraceptive brands available in the Indian market for the convenience of the consumers. The pills come in the form of tablets, packaged in a way to ensure the user does not forget which one to take each day. They even vary in hormonal levels and are prescribed to be taken in a specific manner.
For the pills to be effective, it is very necessary to take them according to the schedule, without missing even a single dose and following the right order. Birth control pills are the primary contraceptive method used by women and are considered 98 to 99 percent effective, if taken properly. These pills have also proved to be quite safe, with minor side effects in women like nausea, blood spotting, breast tenderness, mood swings, weight gain, low libido and change in vaginal discharge, etc.
However, it should be noted that contraceptive pills can cause serious side effects in rare cases, such as high blood pressure, blood clots, liver tumors, breast and cervical cancer risks. To avoid such a situation, one should always consult a doctor before taking any birth control pill. Every woman’s body is different and the pill is prescribed by the doctor according to the body structure. In case you experience symptoms like abdominal, leg and chest pain, headaches and eye problems, visit your doctor immediately.
Being widely used by women to avoid pregnancy, there are a number of birth control pill brands available in the Indian market. The common household names in birth control pills include Saheli, Arpan and Mala-D, which are produced by Hindustan Latex Ltd. Mala D is the oldest birth control pill brand of India and is available in government hospitals at subsidized rates. Moreover, there are host of other brands available, which are prescribed exclusively by the gynecologists.