Surrealism Art is a movement of visual art and literature that developed in the 20th century. This article gives you an insight into surrealist art.

What Is Surrealism Art

Surrealism was discovered or, in fact, developed only in the 20th century. This is a movement of visual art and literature that mainly prospered during the World Wars. The roots of Surrealism Art can be found in the anti-art association formed before World War I; this repression caused people in the art world to vent in the form of surrealistic art. Surrealism laid emphasis on positive expression and negotiation. Some of the theories of Sigmund Freud were adopted into defining surrealism; it was a means of reuniting the conscious and unconscious realms so that the world of fantasies and dreams could be applied into the rational world like “surreality”. Some of the best art is produced based on this form of thinking and creativity. It was said that all the poets and painters who could tap this realm were works of genius! For some more jaw dropping revelations on surrealistic art, read more!

Surrealism In Art

  • Andre Benton was the first person who dominated the Surrealism Art which was based on a literary movement. International painters like Giorgio de Chirico later took over and the rest, as they say, is history! Benton first published his discovery in a book called ‘Manifeste du surrealism.’ This book revealed that the rational thought represented powers of creativity and imagination leading to artistic expression. The hidden part of his mind was brought out through the medium of poetry in this piece of work.
  • A very interesting thing about surrealistic art is that it is related to science too. For example, Michelangelo perfected the art of anatomy and in the process studied the human body. His vital research and paintings gave way to medical knowledge later on. Another example is that geographers created mathematics grids to make accurate maps based on translating the two dimensional painting into 3D.
  • As mentioned earlier, Freud and Jung laid the foundation for a whole new era of mankind by defining the constitution of man: the spiritual, the psychic and the material. Symbolism brought the contents of psyche and was represented in ancient mythology in the form of art.
  • Surrealist artists wanted their work to be a link between spiritual realities and real forms of the material world. Their paintings were in abstract from. The concept of their art was that the object in the picture stood for inner reality. Now, it is made clear that art does not always mean painting. It could be drawings or sculpting also. Bringing the inner realities of the subconscious to the conscious mind and getting their meanings analyzed suddenly became very popular.
  • There are a number of modes of expression within Surrealism Art itself. These include: Exquisite Corpse, Collage and Frottage, a new interpretation of Decalcomania (by Oscar Dominguez), Automatic Writing, Fumage, Grattage, Surrealistic Object, Paranoia-criticism and Rayography. With all these terms, a particular message was conveyed. Writing, slowly, became a part of this type of art too. You will be surprised to know that the diverse forms of Surrealism Art are so varied that Exquisite Corpse is actually a game!
  • There are even current day surrealist artists such as Steve Lowery. He quotes – “I paint without thinking.” Lowery ‘s understanding about surrealism and its relationship has come from learning about this art and delving deeper into his subconscious and producing the results on canvas.
  • Some of the others artists (painters, writers, sculptors) of Surrealistic Art are: Louis Aragon, Hans Bellmer, Rene Crevel, Yves Tanguy, Marc Chagell, Mark Ernst etc.
These are some of the basic facts about Surrealist Art that was formed due to the result of the Surrealism movement. For more information on this art, visit a library!

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