The term ‘mania’ has been derived from a Greek word “mainomai”, which means “to rage, to be furious”. Mania can be defined as “a state of abnormally elevated or irritable mood, arousal, and/ or energy levels, which is a criterion for certain psychiatric diagnoses”. It is the hallmark symptom of bipolar disorder. Usually, a manic episode lasts for at least a week, but can continue for days or months at a stretch as well. During mania, people show signs of an over-excited state. Such individuals show varying moods that can severely alter their normal life and consequently interfere with the life of their friends and family members as well. In extreme cases, patients with mania require treatment that can even include hospitalization, in order to protect them from hurting themselves or others with their reckless behavior. Read through the following lines to explore the warning signs and symptoms of mania in detail.
What Are The Symptoms Of Mania
- Manic patients are often grandiose, obsessive, impulsive, and belligerent and frequently deny that anything is wrong with them.
- Such individuals tend to be impulsive and hyperactive and appear to be out of control with their behavior.
- They indulge in overspending of money and participate in a sexually promiscuous manner. Eventually, they are left with nothing for the necessities of living.
- Manic people are unable to exercise good judgment and make bad business and personal decisions.
- Such people sleep very little, have an exceptional amount of energy and feel no fatigue.
- They tend to overextend themselves with too many commitments and activities.
- Some manic individuals engage in violent behavior, which results in painful consequences.
- In a relatively small amount of time, such people can increase their debts heavily.
- Manic individuals are unable to concentrate on a given single task or conversation.
- Such people behave in out-of ordinary ways and indulge in drinking more than usual or even take drugs.
- They become irritable and tend to lose their temper easily.
- In an acute manic episode, patients can experience hallucinations or delusions. They often think of things like the end of the world is near.
- Such individuals show signs of racing thoughts, increased talking and increased talking speed. All this leads to frustration and decreased ability to communicate with others.
- Other symptoms include euphoria, hyperactivity, overconfidence, grandiosity, extravagance, delusions (of grandeur, potential, or otherwise), hyper-religiosity, hypersensitivity, hyper sexuality, rapid movements, increased appetite, excessive exercising, increased libido, distractedness, aggression and excessive laughter.