Many people speak of their ordeal with the wisdom teeth and the pain they had to go through, when it came out. The wisdom teeth, medically the molar teeth, are the last set of teeth to come out (usually in the late teens or 20s). By this time, most people have acquired some wisdom in life, hence the name wisdom teeth. They are the upper and lower third molars, which are located at the end of the mouth. Different people have different levels of pain when the wisdom teeth come out. These teeth have a great possibility to develop or come in sideways, impacting other teeth in the row. In such cases, the wisdom teeth are often extracted, to avoid an impact on the heath of the existing teeth. However, it is to be noted that correctly positioned wisdom teeth do not cause any problems and are healthy.
Problems Caused by Wisdom Teeth
- There may be a nagging pain or jaw stiffness near an impacted tooth.
- A wisdom tooth, if growing at an awkward angle, may rub against the inner cheek, causing sores and irritation and pain in the jaw.
- Due to the constant pressure in the mouth, crowding of other teeth may take place.
- The flap of gum that is torn when the wisdom tooth comes out may be infected. This is usually due to food particles being caught between the flap and the tooth.
- Tumors can also affect wisdom teeth, accompanied with pain and swelling.
- A wisdom tooth that comes out slanted or crooked, not straight, may cause a lot of pain in the jaw and also lead to swollen gums. Sometimes, surgical procedure is needed to tear open the gum, in order to allow the teeth to come out.
- Since they are the last set of teeth to come out, there is not much space for wisdom teeth to grow up fully and properly. If they come out in the late 20s, it is all the more difficult for the jaw to adjust them. This results in impacted teeth.
- If the sac that holds the crown of wisdom remains in the bone, it can be filled with cyst that can damage the surrounding bone. In this case, wisdom teeth are removed (extracted) if the problem exists for longer time.
Post- Extraction Problems
If you have got your wisdom tooth removed, it might result in the following problems:
- The most common problem after extraction is bleeding gums, which can last for a minimum three days. However, they bleeding should minimize by the third day.
- There can be a persistent odor in mouth, due to abundant bacterial flora or blood clots that form in the exposed sockets.
- Swelling can also occur, but you should not be worried about it, as it confirms that the healing process is commencing normally.
- It can also lead to dry sockets, especially if you have ignored the instructions given by your dentist.