A reproductive system disease hinders a person's ability to have offspring. Read the article to know more about the reproductive system diseases.

Reproductive System Diseases

A reproductive disorder is a generic term which refers to all the diseases that affect the reproductive system in human beings and prevents reproduction. These can be congenital abnormalities, genetic, or sexually transmitted diseases. They include all the acquired diseases, diseases erupting from unknown causes and infections, and sometimes abnormal functioning of glands relating to secretion of sex hormones. Reproductive system diseases require immediate attention as the transmission of these diseases to a healthy individual is very high especially if it’s a sexually transmitted one. Reproductive disorders or diseases can affect both women and men. A reproductive system disease is a disease that impairs the ability to reproduce. Though testing and treatment is available to various reproductive diseases and disorders, medical science has still not found solutions to many diseases. Check out the list of reproductive system diseases and disorders in both women and men.
 
Reproductive  Disorders in Men & Women
 
Reproductive System Diseases: Women 

Amenorrhea
It refers to a condition in which an individual fails to menstruate. There are two types of amenorrhea -primary and secondary amenorrhea. Primary Amenorrhea is the abnormal delay of menstrual cycle, and secondary amenorrhea happens in women who have not reached premenopausal age. 

Cervical Erosion
It is the condition in which ulcers are formed in the cervix region. It is characterized by bright red and pink spots, around the cervical opening. During the beginning of the disease, patches of mucus are discarded by the body. This is then followed up by different levels of remedial measures. 

Cervicitis
This is essentially an inflammation of uterine cervix. Many mucus glands are present in this region, which keep the vagina lubricated. Nonetheless, this creates a conducive environment for the growth of microbes and other bacteria. Thus, infections in the vagina can be transmitted to the uterine cervix leading to inflammation of cervix. 

Oligomenorrhea
It is a condition characterized by prolonged gaps between two menses. Normally a woman menstruates every 25-30 days, though in Oligomenorrhea, women only menstruate for 4 to 9 times in a year. This condition is caused due to deficiency in estrogen and might lead to infertility. 

Puerperal Fever
This is also known as childbed fever as it occurs within 10 days of childbirth or miscarriage. The raw placenta becomes very prone to lacerations and infections after the separation. It is characterized by very high fever, and requires medical attention. 

Endometriosis
It occurs when endometrium, which normally lines a uterus, grows in other places. The most common incursions are the fallopian tubes, tissue lining a woman’s pelvis and ovaries. The problem occurs because the blood normally passing during the menstruation is trapped from this displaced lining, and irritates the surrounding tissues. 

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) refers to the condition of the ovaries in affected women where they are enlarged and covered in numerous small cysts. It is a common hormonal disorder in women of reproductive age. It is characterized by abnormal menstrual periods and excess hair growth. If undiagnosed in the early stages can result in long-term complications and risks. 

Reproductive System Diseases: Men 

Gynecomastia
This disease is due to abnormal enlargement of breasts in men. It is mainly credited to hormonal imbalance. Once the male hormone androgen takes over after puberty, the development of breasts stops. Typically, Gynecomastia afflicts only one breast. 

Hydrocele
This disease is characterized by accumulation of fluids in and around testes. This is usually reported in older males of aged 40 and above. The causes of Hydrocele are a direct physical injury to testes or could be an internal disturbances. This is an asymptomatic condition and if left untreated may lead to testicular tumors. 

Priapism
This disorder refers to painful erection. In this condition, the enlarged part becomes tender and painful leading to constant pain during erection. Although the individual may experience pleasurable sensation for some time, the pain erupts again. 

Prostate Disorders
This refers to prostate gland, which is a major functional gland in men. Any abnormality or dysfunction in this gland results in excess of diseases and disorders. These diseases of prostrate mainly afflict men in their sixties and seventies. 

Syphilis
It is a sexually transmitted bacterial infection. It starts as a painless sore on the genitals, other body parts, or mouth. It can lead to serious complications if left untreated such as seizures, dementia, and blindness.  






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