Manic-depressive disorder or Bipolar disorder refers to the psychological disorder in which a person has severe mood swings ranging from overly elated feelings to overly depressed feelings. Bipolar disorder is a brain disorder that brings about unusual changes in a patient’s energy, mood, and ability to function normally. These periods of “highs” (mania) and “lows” (depression) are separated by periods of normalcy in some individuals whereas in others these episodes of depression and mania may rapidly alternate, known as rapid cycling. Bipolar disorder is very difficult to diagnose even for medical health professionals and cannot be confirmed by a blood test. The disorder has been observed to start during early adulthood (although it can start at any age) and it is usually diagnosed from accounts reported by the person suffering from it or from closely related individuals who have observed the unusual behavior. Both men and women are affected by bipolar disorder and it affects people from all strata and cultures. Genetic factors heavily contribute to the probability of developing this disorder and those with a family history of manic-depressive illness are more prone to get affected by it. Generally, manic depression is inconsistent among the sufferers as the degree of mood swings varies from person to person. Explore the following pointers to know the signs and symptoms of manic depression.
Symptoms Of Manic Depression
The symptoms of bipolar disorder vary for different individuals; some might experience more depressive episodes and very little mania, whereas others experience predominantly manic symptoms.
- During a depressive episode, the person is likely to experience feelings of sadness, anger, guilt, hopelessness, insomnia, disturbances in appetite, loss of libido and fatigue.
- Patients also tend to exhibit irritability, complain of chronic pain, and seem to have suicidal tendencies.
- In severe cases especially if the disorder is not diagnosed and treated it can lead to psychosis.
- Manic episodes on the other hand are characterized by elevated feelings, grandiose and delusional ideas and in some cases marked by creativity and positive achievements in certain fields.
- People experiencing mania, feel a surge of energy and experience a decreased desire to sleep, as they don’t feel tired.
- A person in a manic state has a low attention span and is easily distracted. He may engage in substance abuse, alcohol and drug use.
Manic state differ from person to person, some feel anxious and irritable while other experience feelings of euphoria. Genetic as well as environmental factors are implicated in contributing to the development of bipolar disorder. Bipolar disorder is a serious psychological disorder and has to be treated medically. Psychiatrists prescribe mood-stabilizing drugs as well as other psychiatric drugs in treating a patient with bipolar disorder. In certain cases where the patient experiences severe manic and depressive episodes over a period of a time and there is a likelihood of harm to self or others around, involuntary commitment may be used to ensure the safety of the individual as well as others around them.