There are many women who have carved their niche in the world history. In this article, we tell you about some of the most important women in history.
Cleopatra (69-30 B.C.): Cleopatra was the queen of Egypt and the last pharaoh. She was 17 when she became the queen of Egypt. Cleopatra was a politician as well, who spoke nine languages.
Joan of Arc (1412-1431): She was the national hero of France and led the resistance to the English invasion of France in the war. She believed that it was her responsibility and mission to free her country from the clutches of the English. She, subsequently dressed like a man, cut her hair and led her country in the battle of Orleans during 1429.
Susan B. Anthony (1820-1906): She was the most powerful organizer of the women's movement during the 19th century. For the first time, she fought for the women’s rights, together with Elizabeth Cady Stanton, She was also deeply involved in the fight against slavery and also participated in the temperance campaign to put a limit to the use of alcohol.
Clara Barton (1821-1912): Founder and President of the American Red Cross, Clara Barton was the women who attended to the persons in need during the Civil War.
Louisa May Alcott (1832-1888): She was the author who produced the first ever literature for the mass market during the 19th century.
Marie Curie (1867-1934): The women who won a Nobel Prize, Marie Curie was a physicist. She won the Nobel Prize twice and was the first woman to earn a doctorate degree in Europe. She was responsible for the discovery of radioactivity.
Mother Teresa (1910-1997): She was the founder of a religious group of nuns in Calcutta (modern day Kolkata). Mother Teresa devoted her whole life to help the sick and the people in need, not only in India but all over the world. She was an Albanian Roman Catholic nun who founded the Missionaries of Charity in 1950. For more than 40 years, she helped the sick, poor, orphaned children and people. In the 1970s she became famous as a humanitarian and advocate for the poor.
Indira Gandhi (1917-1984): She led India, the world's most populous democracy. Indira Gandhi became an influential figure for the Indian women, as well as for others all over the world. She was the Prime Minister of India for three consecutive terms, from 1966 to 1977 and a fourth term from 1980 until she was assassinated in 1984. She was the only women Prime Minister that India has had till date.
Margaret Thatcher (born 1925): She is a politician and holds the record of being the first woman in the European history to be elected the Prime Minister. She was also the first ever British Prime Minister who won three consecutive terms in the 20th century.
Benazir Bhutto (1953-2007): She was the former Prime Minister of Pakistan. . Benazir Bhutto was the first woman who was elected to lead a Muslim State. She was the Prime Minister of Pakistan, twice; from 1988-1990 and from 1993-1996. On December 27,2007, Bhutto was assassinated while she was leaving a campaign rally for the PPP at the Liaquat National Bagh, where she had addressed the party supporters.
Some of the other women who have been significant in the world history are as follows:
Heads of State
- Elizabeth I
- Catherine the Great
- Golda Meir
- Corazon Aquino
- Barbara Jordon
- Margaret Chase Smith
- Eleanor Roosevelt
Inventors and Scientists
- Madam C J.Walker
- Margaret Mead
- Grace Hopper
- Jane Goodall