A basement is a versatile room of a house. It can be converted into a laundry, an entertainment room, a garage or even a workout area. Framing the basement walls is the best way to make a special zone within the room for your varying purposes. Before framing the basement walls, you should ensure that the room is free of moisture and leak. This is because it will be difficult to repair the problems of seepage once the walls have been framed. Read the article to learn how to frame basement walls.
Framing Basement Walls
- Designing the wall layout is the first step in the process of framing basement walls. This is to ensure that the joists in the ceiling are lined up with the wall studs as closely as possible. Make sure that the ground floor joists are also in place.
- Mark chalk lines on the floor, where the walls will lie. For the floor plates, you need to cut and install a 2”x4” lumber. In order to reduce the risk of damage caused to the construction due to moisture, use treated lumber.
- Make use of a concrete screw gun to bolt the bottom plates into the correct position.
- The ceiling plates should be installed directly, above the floor plates. Go for a regular 2”x4” lumber instead of a treated one. Now, fix the plates underneath of the ground floor joists, with the help of framing nails.
- By taking the studs in the floor joists as a reference point, fix your wall studs on 16-inch centers. By lining up the studs, you are actually providing easy access for plumbing works, wiring and venting processes that may be performed in the future.
- A concrete floor may have slight variations in level. Therefore, it is better to measure and cut the studs individually.
- Make use of a framing nail gun to secure the top and bottom of the studs to the ceiling and floor plates. The nails should be inserted at an angle of 45 degrees.
- Ensure that there is a minimum gap of ½ inch between the newly framed walls and the existing concrete walls in the basement. This is to reduce the chances of the formation of moisture on the inside of the concrete and protect the wood from getting dampened.