Adopting a parent-less child is the noblest thing to do. Since ages, couples have been adopting newborns legally or privately. It needs to be remembered that every country has its own set of adoption laws and procedures and it’s always easier to adopt in your own country. However, international adoptions have also increased in the past decade, after many celebrities and famous personalities adopted children of a foreign country. Below given are some tips, which will guide you on how to adopt a newborn.
Procedure Of Adopting Newborn Baby
Adoption Procedure In India
In India, the adoption procedure begins by filling a formal application form by a needy couple. This form is filled at whichever adoption agency the couple chooses. This is followed by a social worker, affiliated to the adoption agency, monitoring the living conditions and daily activities of the couple, to determine whether an adopted child can be capably handled by the couple. Family background, emotional health, quality of marital life and financial stability are some of the aspects that are considered.
After the social worker is satisfied that the couple can indeed take care of an adopted child, a No Objection certificate is issued to CARA (Central Adoption Resource Agency) about the family. The couple is then asked to submit certain important documents for the purpose of evaluation. At the same time, they have to give details on the kind of child they are expecting to adopt. The placement agency finds a child, keeping in mind those expectations and details and then the paperwork related to adoption takes place.
Prominent Adoption Agencies In India
- SOS Children’s Villages of India
- Holy Cross Social Service Centre
- Missionaries of Charity
- Church of North India
- Welfare Home for Children
- Delhi Council for Child Welfare
- Matri Chhaya
- Children of the World
- Right to Life Society
- Asharan Orphanage
Adoption Laws In India
The Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment in India deals with all matters regarding adoption. An interested couple has to get in tough with CARA, headquartered in Delhi. The adoption procedure is centered on certain legislations, which are applicable on the basis of the religion of the adopter.
- The Hindu Adoption and Maintenance Act, 1956 (HAMA): The HAMA lays down basic adoption guidelines and procedures to be followed by Hindus in India, who are willing to adopt. A Hindu by religion or its forms like Buddhists, Jains, Brahmo, Sikh, Prarthna or Arya Samaj is the criterion for determining a Hindu under this law. If a Hindu couple already has a child and there are still willing to adopt, they have to adopt a child from the opposite sex.
- The Guardianship and Wards Act, 1890: This Act entrusts complete Guardianship authority to non-Hindus, governed by their religious personal laws like Muslims, Christians, Parsis and Jews. The guardians are required to submit an investment plan and invest a certain sum of money for the security of their ward.
International Adoption Basics
All pre-adoptive parents would do well to know more about adoption overseas, though international adoption procedure is more structured than the domestic ones. Available children overseas are legally free for adoption, with not much risk of birth parent seeking custody. Internationally, children are available for adoption from over 50 countries in Asia, Eastern Europe, Latin America, and some African countries. It needs to be noted that no two inter-country adoption are alike and most countries have a broad range of conditions for adoption. For instance, in some countries, women who adopt are entitled to substantial financial support.
Note: Political and economic changes in a respective country can abruptly disrupt potential adoptions at any time.