Hernia can be characterized as an abnormal protrusion visible in an organ or the muscular wall of an organ. Hernia protrudes out through the tissue containing it. The term ‘hernia’ is also used to refer to other types of bulges as well, though it is mostly used to refer to the protrusion of the abdominal wall. A combination of factors, like muscle weakness and straining, can contribute to the causes of hernia. The occurrence of hernia is common and it can affect men, women and even infants. This article dwells at length on the signs and symptoms of hernia in women, along with the different types of hernia that can trouble females.
Types Of Hernia In Women
Indirect inguinal Hernias
Natural weakness in the internal inguinal ring can lead to the development of indirect inguinal hernias. It is the most common hernia to affect both the sexes and accounts for two-third of such defects. These hernias are at a greater risk of becoming non-reducible or strangulated. Early diagnosis and repair become extremely important to effectively treat the problem.
Also called incisional hernia, ventral hernia can appear at the location of a previous surgery. This hernia can occur after weeks, months or even years of the surgery and can vary in size, ranging from small to very large and complex. Ventral hernias, when left untreated for a long time, can widen and become very difficult to repair.
Femoral hernias are rare to occur and they appear just below the groin crease. They are mostly the result of pregnancy and child birth. This type of hernia tends to develop incarceration or strangulation at an early stage and therefore, early diagnosis and repair is strongly recommended to avoid any complications.
The location of umbilical hernias is near the bellybutton or navel. These hernias are a result of natural weakness of the navel from the blood vessels of the umbilical chord. Umbilical hernias can occur even in infants, just after their birth. In adults, umbilical hernias may not resolve and progressively worsen over time.
Hernia Symptoms In Women
- A bulge or swelling becomes visible under the skin of the abdominal wall. The size of protrusion may be enhanced by physical exercises such as lifting, straining and even coughing, which put more strain on the abdominal muscles.
- Pain is another common symptom of hernia. The intensity of the pain can be low or severe. The pain is rather localized, limited to the site of hernia. It is caused due to the tissue being stretched or torn.
- Nausea, vomiting and constipation may be caused, when the intestine gets trapped within the hernia, which obstructs the normal flow of food through the intestine. Nausea without vomiting is also experienced, if the blockage is partial. Complete blockage of intestine may lead to constipation and loss of appetite can result as well.
- Urinary problems are also a potent sign of hernia in women. The bladder can become blocked, just like the intestine, due to hernia and lead to urinary problems.