Architects are professionals who exercise expertise in building architectural structures. Though most of them confine themselves to the technical details, considering it just an employment option, there are few who take it as their passion and combine it with creativity. Such people not only rise in their profession, but also present many gifts to the society, in the form of remarkable architectural marvels. These gems are later remembered as their legacy and serve to be a vital source of inspiration as well. In the following lines, we have provided information on the most famous architects of the world.
List of Famous Architects
- Adolf Loos is considered as one of the most important pioneers of the modern movement in architecture. He was born on December 10, 1870 in Brno (Bruenn), Moravia, now Czech Republic. He was introduced to the craft of building at an early age, while working in his father's stone masonry shop. Adolf Loos studied architecture at the Technical College in Dres den. Major Works: Cafe Museum, at Vienna, Austria; and House on the Michaelerplatz, at Vienna, Austria.
- Aldo Rossi born in 1931 was amongst the influential architects during the period 1972-1988. He achieved international recognition in three distinct areas - theory, drawing and architecture. He studied architecture at the Polytechnic University in Milan and served as a course assistant to prominent famous architects, Ludovico Quaroni and Carlo Aymonino. Major Works: Lighthouse Theatre, Lake Ontario; and Monumental Arch, Galveston.
- Carlo Scarpa was born in Venice on 2nd June 1906, to an elementary school teacher. He attended the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in Venice, but did not undertake a full scale architectural education. Scarpa began his career as an interior and industrial designer. His creations are studied by architects and students throughout the world. Major Works: Restaurierung der Academia, Venice; and Showroom of Olivetti, Venice, Italy.
- Gottlieb Eliel Saarinen was born in Rantisalmi, Finland, in 1873. Saarinen studied at the Department of Architecture at the Technical Institute in Helsinki, along with drawing courses at Helsinki University. In his long 50 year career, he worked the first 25 years in Finland and then, shifted to United States. He established an international reputation based on his ‘National Romantic’ and Jugendstill - inspired architecture. Major Works: Finnish Pavilion at the Exposition Universelle , Paris, Hvitträsk, Eliel Saarinen's home in Kirkkonummi, Helsinki Central railway station and National Museum of Finland in Helsinki
- Frank Lloyd Wright was born in 1867. He is known as a legendary architect of his time. He initially worked for an architectural firm of Joseph Silsbee and later continued as a draftsman with Louis Sullivan. This is where he learned the art of creating architectural masterpieces. Major Works: Frank Lloyd Wright Home and Studio in Oak Park, Illinois, William Herman Winslow Residence in River Forest, Illinois and Larkin Administration Building, Buffalo, New York.
- Frank Owen Gehry was born as Frank Goldberg in Toronto, Canada, in 1929. He completed his architectural education at the University of Southern California. He is the recipient of the Arnold W. Bnumer Award of the American Institute of Arts and Sciences (1983) and of numerous local and national design awards. Major Works: Dancing House in Prague, Czech Republic, Disney Village, Disneyland Resort Paris and Gehry Tower, Hanover, Germany
- James Stirling was born in Glasgow, Scotland in 1926. He completed his architectural degree from the University Of Liverpool’s School Of Architecture, in 1950. He undertook postgraduate study at the School of Town Planning and Regional Research, London. Major Works: Canary Wharf residential development in London, Bibliothèque de France in Paris and Kyoto Centre in Japan.
- Kevin Roche was born in Dublin, Ireland, in 1922. Here, he received a Bachelor of Architecture from the National University of Ireland, in 1945. He shifted to United States in 1948 and by 1954; he was Saarinen's principal design associate. Major Works: Oakland Museum of California, Ford Foundation Building in New York City and U. N. Plaza, New York City.
- Le Corbusier was born as ‘Charles Edouard Jeannerct’ on October 6, 1887 in LaChaux - de - Fonds, Switzerland. He completed his first house, Villa Pallet in 1907. He was highly influenced by Charles L’Eplattenier, a teacher at the local at school. Corbusier referred to him as ‘My Master’. Major Works: Villa Fallet, La Chaux-de-Fonds in Switzerland, Palace of the Soviets in Moscow, USSR and United Nations headquarters, New York City.
- Louis Henry Sullivan was born in Boston. He studied at the Building and Architecture program at the Masachusetts Institute of Technology. However, he discontinued after his first year, as he found the program too traditional and too little concerned with social and architectural theory. Major Works: National Farmer's Bank in Owatonna, Minnesota, Peoples Savings Bank in Cedar Rapids, Iowa and Henry Adams Building, Algona, Iowa.