Facts About Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan is a country in Central Asia, which was once a part of the Soviet Union. A doubly landlocked country, it stands bordered by Kazakhstan in the west and north, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan in the east and Afghanistan and Turkmenistan in the south. Tien-Shan and Pamir-Alai mountain ranges lie in the southern and eastern part of the country, while Kyzylkum Desert spreads over its northeast region. The territory of Uzbekistan is believed to have been populated since the second millennium BC. In the following lines, we have provided more information on Uzbekistan.
Fun & Interesting Facts about Uzbekistan
- Uzbekistan is officially known as the ‘Republic of Uzbekistan’.
- The official language of Uzbekistan is Uzbek, while Russian and Tajik are also spoken there.
- Majority of the people in Uzbekistan are Muslims (mainly Sunni), followed by atheists and Christians.
- Uzbek, Russian, Tajik, Kazakh, Tatar and Qoraqalpogh make up the main ethnic groups in Uzbekistan.
- The currency of Uzbekistan is Uzbekistan Sum.
- The capital of Uzbekistan is Tashkent.
- Uzbekistan follows the system of ‘Presidential Republic’.
- Uzbekistan became a part of the USSR in 1922 and was known as Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic.
- Uzbekistan gained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.
- The highest point in Uzbekistan is formed by Adelunga Toghi (4,301 m).
- Uzbekistan is home to one of the largest deserts in the world, known as Kyzylkum, which also extends into Kazakhstan.
- There is a shortage of water in Uzbekistan. Underground water and reservoirs serve the needs of irrigation.
- In 2002, ancient pyramids were discovered by Russian and Uzbek archaeologists, in the Kashkadarya & Samarkand regions of Uzbekistan. They are believed to be as much as 2700 years old.
- Samarkand, Bukhara and Khiva cities of Uzbekistan serves as important centers on the Silk Route.
- Tashkent, the capital of Uzbekistan, was an oasis town in the second century.
- Samarkand, the second-largest city in Uzbekistan, is over twenty five hundred years old. It also served as the capital city of Timur.
- Al-Khwarizmi, who introduced the use of Arabic numbers and founded algebra, was born in Uzbekistan.
- The "Treatise on Demonstration of Problems of Algebra" was written by Omar Khayyam in Samarkand.
- The National University of Uzbekistan, named after Mirzo Ulugbek, Timur's grandson, opened in 1918.
- Uzbeks form the third largest ethnic group of the former Soviet Union.
- Textiles, food processing, machine building, metallurgy and natural gas are the main industries of Uzbekistan.
- Homosexuality is illegal in Uzbekistan.
- In Uzbekistan, lipioshka (bread) is never laid upside down and is never put on the ground, even if it is in a bag.
- Uzbekistan is the fourth largest producer of cotton-fiber in the world.
- Uzbekistan boasts of being home to over sixty distinct cultural and linguistic groups.
- Uzbekistan joined the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) in 1995.
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