Luxembourg is a small landlocked country, located in Western Europe. The country is a parliamentary representative democracy, with a constitutional monarchy, ruled by a Grand Duke. Apart from being an economic power, it also has historical and strategic importance, owing to the presence of Roman era fortress as well as Frankish count’s castle. Luxembourg was an important power during the Spanish era, which significantly influenced the western hemisphere. Luxembourg City, the capital and the largest city of the country, houses the seat of several key institutions and agencies of the European Union. Moreover, it depicts a blend of cultures between the Roman Europe and Germanic Europe. Today, the country is home to over 524,853 inhabitants and also attracts a large number of tourists every year. Luxembourgish, a Franconian language is the mother tongue for all the people, followed by French and German. For some more information about Luxembourg, read on.
Image: Antonin Mercié [CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons
Area: 2,586.4 km2
Population: 517,000 (2011)
Official Languages: Luxembourgish, French and German
Independence Day: November 23, 1890
Calling Code: +352
Type Of Government: Unitary, parliamentary, constitutional monarchy
Interesting & Fun Facts About Luxembourg
- The official name of Luxembourg is ‘Grand Duchy of Luxembourg’.
- The country is the only remaining sovereign Grand Duchy in the world.
- The capital of the country is Luxembourg City, while the currency is Euro.
- It is one of the smallest countries in Europe as well as the world.
- The mother tongue of the natives of Luxembourg is Luxembourgish. It is a Franconian language of the Moselle region.
- All the official proceedings and businesses in Luxembourg take place in French.
- In Luxembourg, the first language taught in schools as well as used by the media is German.
- Luxembourg has the highest GDP per capita in the world, which is nearly three times the EU average.
- The RTL Group of Luxembourg is Europe’s largest TV, radio and production company.
- Luxembourg was designated as the third best country for business efficiency in the entire EU in 2005, after Finland and Denmark.
- Beneath the fortress of Luxembourg, there are around 21 kilometers of hidden underground passages.
- The average life expectancy for both men and women in this country is 78-years.
- One of the main sources of income comes from the the agriculture. Barley, potatoes, wheat, oats and other livestock produce are grown and reared in large numbers.
- Luxembourg mainly exports machinery and equipment, rubber products, glass and steel products to other countries around the world.
- The National Day of Luxembourg takes place on June 23, which is the birthday of the Grand Duchess, Charlotte.
- Owing to the historical importance of its fortification, the entire city of Luxembourg is included in the UNESCO World Heritage sites.
- Luxembourg is one of the founding members of the European Union, NATO, the United Nations, Benelux and the Western European Union.
- Luxembourg had over 155 banks in the country, in March 2006. For this reason, it is also a well-known tax-haven.
- Europe's largest TV, radio and production company is the Radio-Television-Luxemburg (RTL) group. The group runs 34 television and 33 radio stations in 12 countries, including the UK's Channel Five and France's M6.
- Among all the countries of the European Union, Luxembourg is the least populated. It is the 20th smallest country of the 194 independent countries in the world.
- Victor Hugo, the renowned French writer, stayed in Luxembourg in a picturesque town that lies close to the German border. The house where he lived has now been turned into a museum, which is very popular among the French and Dutch tourists.
- Luxembourg has been ranked as the first in Europe and fourth in the world for economic freedom by 'The Heritage Foundation', which is an American organization.
- 15% of the country’s population is immigrants, mostly of Portuguese and German origins.
- Luxembourg has the highest proportion of mobile phones per capita in Europe.