Bangladesh is a country located in South Asia and shares border with India and Burma. In fact, the country stands bordered by India on all sides, except by Burma (Myanmar) in the far southeast and by the Bay of Bengal in the south. Bangladesh was earlier a part of India, but it was partitioned from the Bengal region in 1947, to become the eastern wing of Pakistan. However, it was separated from the western wing of Pakistan as well, following the war of independence in 1971. This led to the establishment of the independent country of Bangladesh. The country is home to one of the largest coastal mangrove forests in the world, which forms a part of the Sundarbans National Park. To know some more interesting and fun facts about Bangladesh, read on.
Image: A.K.M Monjurul Hoque Topu@flickr
Interesting & Fun Facts about Bangladesh
- The official name of Bangladesh is People’s Republic of Bangladesh.
- The name Bangladesh means the ‘Country of Bengalis’.
- Dhaka is the capital of Bangladesh, while Bengali is the official language. However, English is also widely spoken and understood.
- The currency of Bangladesh is Taka.
- Bangladesh had been ruled by Britain and Pakistan. It declared independence from Pakistan on March 26, 1971.
- Bangladesh follows the system a parliamentary democracy, with the elections being held every five years.
- Lily is the national flower of Bangladesh.
- Islam is the main religion practiced in Bangladesh.
- Bangladesh was earlier known as East Pakistan.
- The National Anthem of Bangladesh has been written by Rabindranath Tagore.
- The national bird of Bangladesh is Doyel, while the national animal is Royal Bengal Tiger.
- The national game of Bangladesh is known as Kabbadi.
- Sylhet, the hilly region of north east Bangladesh, contains a number of megalithic monuments, similar to those found in Europe.
- Mahasthangarh is Bangladesh's oldest known city site.
- India was the first country to acknowledge Bangladesh as an independent new born country.
- Bangladesh is one of the most densely populated countries of the world and has a high rate of poverty and corruption.
- Together with the Indian state of West Bengal, it makes up the ethno-linguistic region of Bengal.
- Bangladesh is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the OIC, SAARC, BIMSTEC, and the D-8.
- Padma, Meghna, Jamuna, Brahmaputra, Madhumati, Surma and Karnaphuli are the main rivers in Bangladesh.
- The major industries in Bangladesh are Jute, Sugar, Paper, Textile, Fertilizer, Cigarette, Cement, Steel, Natural Gas, Oil-Refinery, Newsprint, Power Generation, Rayon, Matches, Fishing & Food Processing, Leather, Soap, Carpet, Timber, Ship-Building and Telephone,
- Bangladesh is spread over an area of 147,570 square kilometers (56,977 square miles). Its population is approximately 144,233,000.
- Apart from cyclones, Bangladesh regularly suffers from extensive flooding caused by monsoon rains and melting snows from the Himalayas.
- There are a number of archaeological and historical sites in Bangladesh, which are know to date back as far as the third century BC.