Diseases in the digestive systems, also called gastrointestinal diseases, have become quite common in the modern day world. Estimates suggest that more than 30,000 people die of gastrointestinal diseases worldwide with the U.S topping the list. Many experts believe that most of the digestive system diseases can be prevented by changing the lifestyle. Increasing consumption of high calorie junk food and alcohol with little intake of fibers and greens increases the risk of digestive system diseases. Naturally, the lifestyle is to be blamed with its increasing dependence on fast food and no definite eating habit. The health of a body depends on the health of the digestive system and any barrier in its functioning will ultimately affect the body. No doubt gastrointestinal diseases like gastritis, ulcers, abdominal adhesions, cirrhosis, dyspepsia, hernia, gall bladder stones etc. are all as recent as a hundred years. Read on to know more about digestive system diseases.
Common Digestive System Diseases
Symptoms Of Digestive System Diseases
Though digestive disorders are of various types they all share some common symptoms, which can develop into any one of the gastrointestinal diseases. These are:
- A change takes place in bowel habits
- Sudden weight loss
- Severe abdominal pain
- Release of blood through stools
- Heartburn and gas
Though there are numerous digestive system diseases, there are some, which are more common and affects a large number of populations.
Common Digestive System Diseases
Abdominal adhesions cause internal tissues and organs to stick together when normally they have slippery surface. This results in chronic pelvic pain, intestinal obstruction, and female infertility.
It is the condition in which the liver gradually deteriorates and starts to malfunction, blocking the flow of blood through the liver. Caused due to obesity and excessive alcohol consumption, cirrhosis, can be identified by fatigue, vomiting, weight loss and loss of appetite.
Constipation is a symptom, which almost every person experiences in his or her life. The most common cause of constipation are lack of proper diet like not enough fiber, milk, dehydration, lack of physical exercise etc. It results in irregular and often painful bowel movements.
It is also known as indigestion. Indigestion can be caused by various factors the most common being the abnormality of the pancreas or bile duct. The symptoms can be fullness or a heavy stomach before and after a meal.
Also known as gas in the digestive tract, it is caused by the breakdown of undigested food in the colon by bacteria and also through swallowing air. Gas results in belching, flatulence, abdominal bloating, and pain.
Gallstones develop due to imbalances in the gall bladder due to excess amount of cholesterol and too little of bile salts. In addition, it can result when gall bladder cannot empty more often or completely. Steady pain in the upper abdomen and between the shoulder blades can be due to the formation of gallstones.
It is the disease where there is severe inflammation of stomach lining. It occurs due to the consumption of too much alcohol, continuous use of drugs like aspirin and ibuprofen or infection by bacteria like H. pylori. The symptoms of gastritis are belching, abdominal bloating and pain.